# 8. Statements¶

Syntax

`Statement`

::=`ExpressionStatement`

|`Item`

|`LetStatement`

|`TerminatedMacroInvocation`

|;

Legality Rules

8:1 An expression statement is an expression whose result is ignored.

8:2 An item statement is a statement that is expressed as an item.

8:3 An empty statement is a statement expressed as character 0x3B (semicolon).

8:4 A macro statement is a statement expressed as a terminated macro invocation.

Dynamic Semantics

8:5 Execution is the process by which a statement achieves its runtime effects.

8:6 The execution of an empty statement has no effect.

## 8.1. Let Statements¶

Syntax

`LetStatement`

::=`OuterAttributeOrDoc`

*let`PatternWithoutAlternation`

`TypeAscription`

?`LetInitializer`

?;`LetInitializer`

::==`Expression`

(else`BlockExpression`

)?

Legality Rules

8.1:1 A let statement is a statement that introduces new bindings produced by its pattern-without-alternation that are optionally initialized to a value.

8.1:2 A let initializer is a construct that provides the value of the bindings of the let statement using an expression, or alternatively executes a block expression.

8.1:3 If a let statement lacks a block expression, then the pattern of the let statement shall be an irrefutable pattern.

8.1:4 The expected type of the pattern of the let statement is determined as follows:

8.1:5 If the let statement lacks a type ascription and a let initializer, then the :t:`expected type is the inferred type.

8.1:6 If the let statement lacks a type ascription, then the expected type is the type of the let initializer.

8.1:7 Otherwise the expected type is the type specified by the type ascription.

8.1:8 The type of a binding introduced by a let statement is determined as follows:

8.1:9 If the let statement appears with a type ascription, then the type is the type specified by the type ascription.

8.1:10 If the let statement lacks a type ascription, then the type is inferred using type inference.

8.1:11 The type of the block expression of a let statement shall be the never type.

8.1:12 The value of a binding introduced by a let statement is determined as follows:

8.1:13 If the let statement appears with a let initializer, then the value is the value of the expression of the let initializer.

8.1:14 Otherwise the binding is uninitialized.

Dynamic Semantics

8.1:15 The execution of a let statement with a let initializer proceeds as follows:

8.1:16 The expression of the let initializer is evaluated.

8.1:17 If the value of the expression is matched successfully against the pattern of the let statement, then the value is assigned to each binding introduced by the let statement.

8.1:18 Otherwise the block expression of the let initializer is evaluated.

Examples

```
let local = 0;
let local: u32;
let (a, b) = (0, 0);
let Some(value) = vector.pop() else {
panic!();
};
```

## 8.2. Expression Statements¶

Syntax

`ExpressionStatement`

::=`ExpressionWithBlock`

;? |`ExpressionWithoutBlock`

;

Legality Rules

8.2:1 An expression statement is an expression whose result is ignored.

8.2:2 The expected type of an expression statement without character 0x3B (semicolon) is the unit type.

Dynamic Semantics

8.2:3 The execution of an expression statement proceeds as follows:

Examples

```
let mut values = vec![1, 2, 3];
```

8.2:6
The following expression statement ignores the result from `pop()`

.

```
values.pop();
```

8.2:7 The following expression statement does not require a semicolon.

```
if values.is_empty() {
values.push(42);
}
else {
values.remove(0);
}
```

8.2:8 The following expression statement is not an index expression.

```
[42];
```